Hi! Today, instead of adding a new video, I want to post a brief review of some previous lessons, so you can read them and refresh what we have learned before. This will be necessary to follow our next lessons in a better way, since we need to be on the same page regarding the base that we have already acquired.
First lets begin with a review of the basic question words:
Qué – What
Quién – Who (Singula)
Quiénes – Who (Plural)
Cómo – How
Por qué – Why
Para qué – What for
Para quién / para quiénes – For who (Singular/Plural)
Cuándo – When
Dónde – Where
Cuánto – How much
Cuántos – How many
Desde cuándo – Since when
Future tense (one method): Verb “ir” conjugated in Present tense + “a” + verb in infinitive. Like this:
Voy a caminar – I will walk.
Van a viajar mañana – They are going to travel tomorrow
Verb “to be” in Spanish translates into verbs “Ser”, “Estar” and “Haber”, depending on the function or use of “to be”.
Ser – “to be” in the more permanent use, like in “El pasto es verde” (The grass is green).
Estar – “to be” in the more transitory use, like in “El cielo está nublado” (The sky is cloudy).
Haber – “to be” as “There is” / “There are”: Hay; “There was” / “There were”: Hubo/Hubieron
Verb “to have” in Spanish translates into verbs “Tener” and “Haber”, depending on the function and use of “to have”
Tener: “to have” in relation to ownership, like in: Tengo un auto rojo (I have a red car). Tengo frío (I feel cold. Lit: I have cold).
Haber: “to have” as auxiliary verb, like in: He caminado mucho (I have walked a lot).